|The Origin of the North Korean Regime|
time Korea was liberated from Japanese rule on August 15, 1945, Kim Il-sung,
anarmy captain belonging to the Soviet Union's 88 Special Brigade (a
combined unit of Chinese and Koreans under a Chinesecommanding officer), was
picked up by the Far East Command of the Soviet Union's State Security
Commission (NKVD, thepredecessor of the KGB) to become a puppet to represent
the Soviet's interests in Korea, and he returned to Korea through PortWonsan
on September 19, 1945, aboard the Soviet warship "Pugachev," with no
political base at all inside thecountry. However, backed by the Soviet Army,
Kim Il-sung organized
the Workers' Party of Korea (October 10, 1945), andestablished the
regime (September 9, 1948) following the foundation of the People's Army
(February 8, 1948).
Kim Il-sung, who was supported by the Soviet Union, alreadyon February 17, 1947, set up the North Korean People's Assembly (Chairman Kim Il-sung) as the supreme legislative organ as wellas the North Korean People's Committee (Chairman Kim Il-sung) as the supreme administrative organ, thereby virtually dividing thecountry into the South and the North.
Subsequently, the (North) Korean People's Army was founded, and thereafter Kim Il-sunghad the "Democratic People's Republic of Korea" (DPRK) established, boycotting the United Nations' proposal to form a unifiedgovernment through a free general election in both South and North Korea. In an effort to strengthen his power base, Kim Il-sungundertook bloody purges against opposition factions and potential enemies. There were, for example, the purge of elementsoriginating from the Workers' Party in the South immediately after the truce of the Korean War (July 27, 1953), purges of thepro-Chinese faction and the pro-Russian faction in the late 1950s, and also a purge in the military in the late 1960s.
Because of the poor legitimacy of the North Korean regime, North Korea needed to fabricate a heroic image for Kim Il-sung in orderto make up for the lack of legitimacy. As a result, Kim Il-sung was depicted as if he personally led all anti-Japanese strugglesbeginning in 1925, when he was merely 14 years old (born in 1912).