Comrade Kim IL Sung, General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Workers¡¯ Party
of Korea and President of the Democratic People¡¯s Republic of Korea.
He was born on April 15, 1912, at Mangyongdae, Pyongyang, to a poor peasant family.
His family, a most patriotic and revolutionary one, was in the forefront of the people¡¯s fight
for many generations, from the beginning of the modern revolutionary movement of the
Korean people for the independence of the country, the freedom and liberation of the people
and for the victory of the noble revolutionary cause of the working class.
He grew up, receiving his revolutionary education at home and acquiring a revolutionary
outlook on the world through study and revolutionary practice; he became a prominent
He pioneered the path of the revolution independently by applying Marxism-Leninism
creatively to the Korean situation and, in its course, evolved the Juche idea, a new
The Juche idea has become the unshakable guiding ideology of the Korean revolution.
He organized the Down-with-Imperialism Union (DIU), on October 17, 1926, a vanguard
union that led the revolutionary cause of Juche to victory; it became a genuine communist
The programme of the union was to achieve the liberation and independence of the country
and to build socialism and communism in Korea and to fight for the victory of communism
throughout the world.
During his Yuwen Middle School days in Jilin from 1927 to 1929, he rallied young students
around revolutionary organizations, educated and trained them through struggles against the
Japanese imperialists and reactionary warlords.
He organized the Young Communist League of Korea on August 28, 1927.
While serving a prison term in Jilin, from the autumn of 1929 to the spring of 1930, he
elaborated the line and politics of the Korean revolution, including the line of armed struggle.
At a meeting of cadres of the Young Communist League and the Anti-Imperialist Youth
League at Kalun, Changchun County, China, held in June 1930, he gave a scientific definition
of the character, basic tasks, motive forces and targets of the Korean revolution, and
advanced the line of the anti-Japanese national-liberation revolution, a line which consisted of
the policies for armed struggle, for the anti-Japanese national united front and for the founding
of the party.
On July 3, 1930, he formed the first Party organization at Kalun with young communist of the
new generation whom he had trained, the first organization to be the glorious origin of the
Workers¡¯ Party of Korea and the prototype of the Party organizations which were formed
He organized the Korean Revolutionary Army in July 1930. The Korean Revolutionary
Army was the first armed organization of the Korean communists, a political and paramilitary
organization to prepare the anti-Japanese armed struggle.
On April 25, 1932, he founded the Korean People¡¯s Revolutionary Army, the first standing
revolutionary armed force of the Korean people, and became its commander; in May 1934
he formed and guided the Party Committee of the KPRA which gave unified leadership to
the Party organizations in both the KPRA and local areas.
On May 5, 1936, he founded the Association for the Restoration of the Fatherland, an
anti-Japanese national united front organization, and was acclaimed chairman of the
He led the anti-Japanese revolutionary struggle entering on armed struggle to victory, and
achieved national liberation on August 15, 1945.
During the anti-Japanese revolutionary struggle he trained a strong revolutionary force for the
further development of the Korean revolution, laid the organizational and ideological
foundations for the establishment of a revolutionary party of the Juche type and created the
glorious revolutionary traditions of the Korean people.
After liberation, he promoted a line for the building of a democratic new Korea and gave
wise leadership to the struggle to build a party, state and army and to carry out the
anti-imperialist, anti-feudal democratic revolution.
He accomplished the cause of founding the party by forming the Central Organizing
Committee of the Communist Party of North Korea on October 10, 1945, and, following
this, he organized different mass organizations, including the General Federation of Trade
Unions of North Korea, thus rallying broad sections of the people closely behind the Party.
He accomplished the cause of founding the party by forming the Central Organizing
Committee of the Communist Party of North Korea on October 10, 1945, and, following the
General Federation of Trade Unions of North Korea, thus rally broad sections of the people
closely behind the Party.
He organized the Provisional People¡¯s Committee of North Korean on February 8, 1946
and was elected chairman.
The committee was a people¡¯s government based on the worker-peasant alliance, led by the
working class, and relied on the democratic national united front embracing broad
anti-imperialist, anti-feudal democratic forces, it performing the function of the people¡¯s
He effected the agrarian reform, nationalization of industries and other democratic reforms
and thus victoriously carried out the tasks of the anti-imperialist, anti-feudal democratic
revolution in the northern half of Korea in a short space of time.
After the anti-imperialist, anti-feudal democratic revolution, he proposed the policy of the
socialist revolution and led the Party and the people in the effort to carry it out.
He founded the Workers¡¯ Party of North Korea on August 28, 1946, a unified political party
of the working masses, through the merger of the Communist Party of North Korea and the
New Democratic Party of Korea.
He organized the People¡¯s Committee of North Korea, the first government of proletarian
dictatorship in Korea, in February 1947, and was elected chairman,
He developed the Korean People¡¯s Revolutionary Army into a regular army, the Korean
People¡¯s Army, on February 8, 1948.
At the second Congress of the Workers¡¯ Party of North Korea held in March 1948, he put
forward the policy for the country¡¯s independent reunification and the tasks for strengthening
the revolutionary democratic base and for the organizational and ideological consolidation of
On September 9, 1948, he founded the Democratic People¡¯s Republic of Korea and was
acclaimed Premier of the Cabinet (the Head of State) at the unanimous will of the Korean
As Chairman of the Military Commission of the DPRK and the Supreme Commander of the
Korean People¡¯s Army, he led the Fatherland Liberation War (from June 25, 1950 to July
27, 1953) to victory, defending with houour the sovereignty of the nation and revolutionary
He was conferred the title of Marshal of the DPRK in February 1953.
He led postwar economic reconstruction and the laying of the foundations of socialism with
At the Sixth Plenary Meeting of the Central Committee of the Workers¡¯ Party of Korea in
August 1953, he set forth the basic line of socialist economic construction-a line giving
priority to the growth of heavy industry and, at the same time, developing light industry and
agriculture; in April 1955, he published theses on the character and tasks of the Korean
revolution; Every Effort for the Country¡¯s Reunification and Independence and for Socialist
Construction in the Northern Half of the Republic. The theses clearly define the character and
basic tasks of the Korean revolution and elucidate the task of laying the foundations of
socialism in the northern half of Korea.
He gave intelligent leadership to the movement of agricultural cooperation and the socialist
transformation of the urban handicraft and capitalist industries and trade, and established the
socialist system in the northern half of the country.
He advanced a new militant target of the Five-Year Plan for National Economic
Development at the Third Congress of the Workers¡¯ Party of Korea in April 1956.
Through the December 1956 Plenary Meeting of the Central Committee of the Workers¡¯
Party of Korea and on-the-spot guidance to the Kangson Steel Plant, he set in motion the
great upsurge of socialist construction and the Chollima Movement.
Giving on-the-spot guidance to Chongsan-ri, Kangso County, South Phyongan Province, in
February 1960, he created the great Chongsanri spirit and the Chongsanri method,
representing the scientific and communist idea and the method of mass leadership which
integrated and systematized the traditional work method and the principle of mass leadership
of the Workers¡¯ Party of Korea.
He defined the ideological, technical and cultural revolutions as the main content of the
revolution to be carried out in socialist society after establishment of the socialist system and s
the task of the revolution which must be continued until communism has become a reality; he
pressed ahead with all three revolutions.
At the Fourth Congress of the Workers¡¯ Party of Korea, held in September 1961, he put
forward the task of carrying out socialist industrialization, equipping all sectors of the national
economy with modern techniques and developing Korea into a socialist industrial state with a
modern industry and an advanced agriculture during the First Seven-Year Plan.
In December 1961 he gave on-the-spot guidance to the Taean Electric Machine Plant and
Sukchon County, South Phyongan Province, and created the Taean work system, a new
system of industrial management, and the new system of agricultural guidance.
He advanced a self-reliance military policy whose main content was to make the entire army
one of cadres, to modernize it, to arm all the people and to fortify the whole country. He led
the struggle to implement this policy wisely and built up an impregnable national defence.
At the English Plenary Meeting of the Fourth Central Committee of the Workers¡¯ Party of
Korea, which was held in February 1964, he published the Theses on the Socialist Rural
Question in Our Country; The theses comprehend the ideas and theories on the essence of
the socialist rural question, the basic principle of solving it successfully and the regional base
of socialist rural construction.
At the 15th Plenary Meeting of the Fourth Central Committee of the Workers¡¯ Party of
Korea in May 1967, he took the revolutionary step of establishing a monolithic ideological
system in the whole Party in order to strengthen the unity of the ideology and purpose and
solidarity of Party ranks.
At the Fifth Congress of the Workers Party of Korea in November 1970, he advanced the
task of further stepping up the three revolutions-ideological, technical and cultural-to
accelerate the complete victory of socialism and defined the general task of Party work-to
thoroughly establish the Party¡¯s monolithic ideological system.
In order to consolidate and develop successes already achieved in the socialist revolution and
construction, he worked out the Socialist Constitution of the Democratic People¡¯s Republic
of Korea, which was adopted at the First Session of the Fifth Supreme People¡¯s Assembly in
He published the Theses on Socialist Education at the 14th Plenary Meeting of the Fifth
Central Committee of the Workers¡¯ Party of Korea in September 1977, The theses elucidate
the basic principle of socialist pedagogy, principles of socialist education, its contents and
methods, the essence and superiority of the socialist educational system of Korea and the
tasks for its consolidation and development.
At the 15th Plenary Meeting of the Fifth Central Committee of the Workers¡¯ Party of Korea
in December 1977 and at the First Session of the Sixth Supreme People¡¯s Assembly, he put
forward the policy of making the national economy Juche-oriented, modernizing and putting it
on a scientific basis, and indicated the long-term objectives of the Second Seven-Year Plan.
At the Sixth Congress of the Workers¡¯ Party of Korea in October 1980, he defined that
modeling the whole of society on the Juche idea was the general task of the Korean
revolution and advanced the ten long-term objectives of socialist economic construction to be
reached in the 1980s.
He raised national reunification as the supreme task of the nation when the country was
divided because of the US imperialist occupation of south Korea and, ever since, he has
wisely organized and guided the struggle to implement it.
In 1972 he put forward the three principles of national reunification-independence, peaceful
reunification and great national unity-and, at the Sixth Congress of the Workers¡¯ Party of
Korea, he proposed reunifying the country by forming the Democratic Confederal Republic
He specified independence, friendship and peace as the basic ideas of the external policy of
the Workers¡¯ Party of Korea and the Government of the Republic and has been wisely
leading external activities to implement the policy to the letter.
He is making every effort to achieve the unity and solidarity of socialist countries and the
international communist movement, consolidate and develop the non-aligned movement,
improve friendship and cooperation with many countries and preserve world peace and
He greatly contributed to developing and enriching the revolutionary idea of the working class
by his tireless ideological and theoretical activities during the whole course of his leadership of
the revolution and construction.
His works have been compiled into Kim IL Sung¡¯s Works from Volume 1 through Volume
38 (which include his major works, written from 1930 to 1984) and into Kim IL Sung¡¯s
Selected Works from Volume 1 through volume 9. These works clarify the path of national
liberation, class liberation and man¡¯s emancipation and comprehend the theory, strategy and
tactics of the democratic and socialist revolutions, and of the building of socialism and
For his great contributions in victoriously leading the unprecedentedly arduous and
complicated Korean revolution for a long period, and accelerating the world revolution, he
has been acclaimed a Deputy to the Supreme People¡¯s Assembly of the DPRK from the
First through the present Supreme People¡¯s Assembly, as Premier of the Cabinet of the
DPRK (the Head of State) from the First through the Fourth Supreme People¡¯s Assembly,
as President of the DPRK from the Fifth through the present Supreme People¡¯s Assembly;
from October 1945 to September 1966 he was Chairman of the Central Committee of the
Workers¡¯ Party of Korea (the Party leader), and in October 1966 he was acclaimed General
Secretary of the Party Central Committee and in April 1992 he was conferred the title of
Generalissimo of the DPRK.
He was awarded the title of Hero of the DPRK three times and the title of Labour Hero of
the DPRK, and the highest decorations, honorary doctorates and professorships by many
countries have been conferred on him.