Reading Questions for Uvin, Human Rights and Development
What are the consequences of converting needs or entitlements to the language of rights? Does it render them more likely to be satisfied? Are the mechanisms of enforcement transformed? Can claims be addressed against different parties?
To what extent is the Human Rights Approach dependent upon a relatively healthy or intact government/state and legal infrastructure? That is, does it have any purchase in countries with collapsed governments or devastated legal systems? Does it depend as well on the presence of a relatively intact civil society?
Can rights really deliver all that is promised on p. 130?
What is the relationship between legal consciousness and "human rights culture" as discussed on p. 128?
The Rights Based Approach aims to create forms of domestic accountability, but isn't it possible that the RBA speaks to a foreign audience in ways similar to earlier outward oriented systems of development that Uvin criticizes on p. 132?
Can the RBA have much bite given that rights are by and large enforceable only against states and state actors?
Are rights and development an either/or proposition? Might one need a certain level of economic development before needs can be articulated as rights?
How does Uvin's approach differ from that of Nussbaum? Are they compatible? How might she critique his RBA?